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Mozambique: French energy giant Total withdraws after militant attacks

A woman is comforted by friends after a ship carrying more than 1,000 people fleeing a militant attack docks in Pemba, Mozambique Photograph: Reuters

French energy company Total has withdrawn all its staff from its Afungi natural gas site in northern Mozambique, sources say, as clashes between Islamic State-linked fighters and the military rage nearby.

The company, which last week called off the planned resumption of construction at the $20bn development due to the violence, declined to comment when contacted by Reuters.

The government says dozens of people have died since militants launched attacks in the coastal town of Palma last week, in a district near gas projects worth tens of billions of dollars that are meant to transform Mozambique’s economy.

The two sources, who have direct knowledge of Total’s operations, said on Friday the company had decided to withdraw its staff as militants appeared to get closer to the site. They declined to go into further details.

Insurgents took over some Mozambican military positions near the Afungi site south of Palma on Friday and the situation was still highly volatile, a separate security source told Reuters.

The World Food Programme (WFP) said it was temporarily suspending evacuation flights from Palma for people affected by the violence, citing a deterioration in the security situation. Flights transporting humanitarian workers and food would continue, a spokesperson added.

Mozambique’s defence ministry did not respond to a request for comment.

A spokesperson for Mozambique’s military was quoted by a local radio station as saying the Afungi site was beyond the reach of the militants.

“It is protected … at no time was its integrity at stake,” Radio Mozambique cited army spokesperson Chongo Vidigal as saying. The radio station added in its report published late on Thursday that the area around the Total project was being patrolled day and night to repel any threat.

Reuters has not been able to verify the accounts from Palma independently. Most means of communication were cut off after the attack began on 24 March.Advertisement

Aid groups believe the attack displaced tens of thousands of people, many of whom fled to safety in dense forest areas nearby or by boat.

Islamic State-linked insurgents have been increasingly active in the surrounding province of Cabo Delgado since 2017, although it is unclear whether they have a unified aim or what specifically they are fighting for.

At least 9,150 people have fled to other districts of Cabo Delgado during the latest violence, with thousands more believed displaced within the Palma district, the UN said on Friday.

“The new wave of displacement has uprooted many people who had fled their places of origin due to the conflict in other parts of Cabo Delgado and had been seeking shelter in Palma,” it said.

Total’s project is among energy developments worth a combined $60bn that would revolutionise Mozambique’s $15bn economy.



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